A synopsis of Pakistan’s Textile Industry

Scientifically human is one of the mammals among various. Human and animals share following similarities i.e. intelligence, respiratory, digestive, skeletal, nervous, integumentary and reproductive system. Some of you must have been surprised how intelligence is a common feature among human and animal? Undoubtedly intelligence is a complex quality but learning is one of the proofs of its existence. Today a cat can cross the road like human because she learns it, which shows intelligence in animals. Primates and cerebrum are considered  highly intelligent animals.

Now question is what make human superior to other mammalian? The answer is “Wisdom or knowledge”. Hunger of mind made human feel the need of clothing. Maria Mitchell says:

“We have a hunger of the mind which asks for knowledge of all around us, and the more we gain, the more is our desire; the more we see, the more we are capable of seeing.”

The history of textile began in Eden where Adam and Eve nakedness revealed to them upon eating forbidden fruit. Soon after knowing this both started covering themselves by sewing fig leaves. And today this requisite has become the most important economic sector especially in states like Pakistan. Before having detailed look on Pakistan’s textile industry it is imperative to know its meaning. The word textile is a noun means a fabric made by weaving, knitting, etc or cloth. Textile industry includes cotton yarn, cotton cloth, garments, bed wear, raw cotton, knitwear and other textile materials.

In Pakistan 39%* population is employed in textile industry while its contribution to GDP is 8.6%*.Despite being the fourth largest cotton producer Pakistan has to face a tough challenges from her competitors like china, India and Bangladesh. The fiscal Year 2008-09 remained gloomy because of the following reasons:

  • Global Economic crises.
  • Increase in the cost of utilities like electricity, petroleum, transport and gas etc domestically.
  • Globalization
  • Increase in competition due to Post-quota scenario.
  • 10 to 15% lose in intrinsic value of cotton due to high degree    contamination in its picking and handling.
  • Lack of facilities and necessary infrastructure to the textile sector.
  • Lack of cotton fiber testing laboratories.
  • Lack of research and training institutes in Pakistan etc.

Increasing and decreasing trends of selected commodities during July-Nov 2009-10 are given below:

Increasing Trends

Value in 000$

Decreasing Trends

Value in 000$

Presently Pakistan has a capacity of converting one bale of cotton into $1000 while her competitor is converting it up to $4000 which is alarming for Pakistani government. Considering it, Government has presented textile policy 2009-14 encompassing plans like technology up gradation fund, export house schemes, marketing insurance schemes etc. In the past governments had made promises to accelerate the growth rate of this gigantic industry of Pakistan but all remained hollow which is clear from the fact that textile industry’s share in export had declined from 66% in 2004 to 53.7% in 2008-09.Now present government should take an immediate actions to carry out her policy other than making her strongholds in politics.

*Data of fiscal year 2006-07.


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  1. […] A synopsis of Pakistan’s Textile Industry January 2010 5 […]

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