The Birth of Pakistan is the miracle but this wonder is born with the big misfortune that an India is her neighboring state. India never accepted Pakistan as a separate entity that is why always conspiring against Pakistan. The incidences of demolition of Babri Masjid, Gujrat violence and operation polo etc are clear evidence of Indian bigotry against the Muslim. She always plays tricks with the Pakistan not realizing the fact that every play has to be ended one day and the water game is an enduring limit.The Pakistan has long been informing India by her apprehensions that the Wular Lake barrage disrupts the flow of water into the Jhelum River, which flows into Pakistan because the capacity of the Wular Lake barrage is 3.0MAF while according to the proviso of an Indus water treaty, to construct an ‘incidental storage capacity’ the design has to be examined and approved bythe Pakistan on one hand and the storage capacity does not exceed 0.1 MAF of water on the other.
How far the Pakistan’s worry hold the ground this will be clear after knowing the geographical facts. The Wular Lake is situated in an Indian occupied Jummu and Kashmir and The River Jhelum flows into the lake. According to an Indus water treaty India has right to use the water of the Sutlej, the Beas and the Ravi before the point where the river enters into Pakistan whilst the Pakistan has the right over the Jhelum, the Chenab and the Indus river. For Pakistan the main worry was the barrage on that site could jeopardize and effectively damage the three canal system consisting of Upper Jhelum Canal, Upper Chenab Canal and Lower Bari Doab Canal.
Against the Pakistan’s apprehensions India argued that the Tulbul project would be beneficial for the Pakistanis as it would regulate the supply of the water to the Mangla Dam which would increase the Pakistan’s capacity to generate electricity as well as to regulate the irrigation through the above mentioned Canal system. Isn’t it absurd sounding that Pakistan herself not know her benefits and it is India who knows what is good for the Pakistan 😉 Kofi Anan rightly said:
“As I travel around the world, people think the only place where there is potential conflict [over] water is the Middle East, but they are completely wrong. We have the problem all over the world.”
Another stone is thrown towards the Pakistan in the form of the Baglihar dam project on the river Chenab which stores the water in a reservoir behind the gated spillways depriving Pakistan its share of the Chenab water which is the violation of the treaty again. Pakistan has taken the issue to the World Bank and the neutral expert was appointed who, after listening to both sides is in the process of finalizing his verdict.
The latest stone of this thread is an announcement of Kishangange hydro project.The Kishangane River enters into Pakistani Kashmir and known as the Neelam River.The River Neelam is an important tributary of the river Jhelum and obviously by construction of this project the water of the Neelam River will be diverted. The thought provoking point is why India initiates all projects on the water the rights of which have been given to the Pakistan. India should think that dying cat can strike out the big dog. As W.H. Auden says:
“Thousands have lived without love, not one without water.”